Sunday, March 15, 2020
Wainright, W. The Problem of the Trinity. The Trinity in the New Testament. Great Britain: William Clowes and Sons, 1962. Dr. W. Wainwright of Manchester has been writing books of this nature for a number of years. In fact he has even contributed to the Ã¢â¬Å"Scottish Journal of TheologyÃ¢â¬ , Vol. 10, no. 3, September 1957. Belief in ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s divinity was expressed both in the writings of the New Testament and in the worship which was practiced in the earliest Christian communities. The belief in ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s divinity raised serious issues, and out of this emerged the Trinitarian problem. Even though the doctrine of the God Heads is not formally stated in the New Testament, the writings of the apostles suggest that they were dealing with such an issue as the trinity. No apostle would have dreamt of thinking that they are three divine persons whose mutual relations and paradoxical unity are beyond our understanding. However it is evident that the New Testament writers are aware that there is a problem between the relationships of Father, Son, and spirit; this fact is seen at the beginning of the fourth Gospel. Reading this chapter was very beneficial because the information presented is relevant to my research and will aid in the proper development of my paper. In particular, it provides information for the section in the research paper that deals with the Apostles and the Trinitarian doctrine. The source outlines the Apostles reactions to the trinity. It also provides information for another section of the paper that deals with the trinity as presented in the bible. I must say that even though the chapter provides vital information, it is not my main source. Throughout the chapter the author writes as though the ideas presented are recent. This was evident in his negative comments as it regards to Schleiermacher failure to include these ideas in his book Ã¢â¬Å"The Christian FaithÃ¢â¬ . Even though the book was writte... Free Essays on Problem Of The Trinity Free Essays on Problem Of The Trinity Wainright, W. The Problem of the Trinity. The Trinity in the New Testament. Great Britain: William Clowes and Sons, 1962. Dr. W. Wainwright of Manchester has been writing books of this nature for a number of years. In fact he has even contributed to the Ã¢â¬Å"Scottish Journal of TheologyÃ¢â¬ , Vol. 10, no. 3, September 1957. Belief in ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s divinity was expressed both in the writings of the New Testament and in the worship which was practiced in the earliest Christian communities. The belief in ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s divinity raised serious issues, and out of this emerged the Trinitarian problem. Even though the doctrine of the God Heads is not formally stated in the New Testament, the writings of the apostles suggest that they were dealing with such an issue as the trinity. No apostle would have dreamt of thinking that they are three divine persons whose mutual relations and paradoxical unity are beyond our understanding. However it is evident that the New Testament writers are aware that there is a problem between the relationships of Father, Son, and spirit; this fact is seen at the beginning of the fourth Gospel. Reading this chapter was very beneficial because the information presented is relevant to my research and will aid in the proper development of my paper. In particular, it provides information for the section in the research paper that deals with the Apostles and the Trinitarian doctrine. The source outlines the Apostles reactions to the trinity. It also provides information for another section of the paper that deals with the trinity as presented in the bible. I must say that even though the chapter provides vital information, it is not my main source. Throughout the chapter the author writes as though the ideas presented are recent. This was evident in his negative comments as it regards to Schleiermacher failure to include these ideas in his book Ã¢â¬Å"The Christian FaithÃ¢â¬ . Even though the book was writte...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Holistic Nutrition Mini Essays - Essay Example They match particular molecules with each other in order to produce desired reactions in the body. However, these enzymes cannot work without co-factors. This is where minerals come in. Ã¢â¬Å"Unless an enzyme is accompanied by its co-factor/mineral, or a substitute co-factor/mineral, it will simply sit around doing nothingÃ¢â¬ (Kennedy, 2009). Copper serves as a co-factor for different enzymes in the body. It is vital in hemoglobin synthesis in order to convert tyrosine into melanin, which, in turn protects the skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. It is also important in the metabolism of Vitamin C, and consequently helps in maintaining the elasticity of the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s ligaments and tendons. Zinc is also a co-factor for different enzymes in our body. Ã¢â¬Å"Zinc assists the various enzymes that metabolize carbohydrates, alcohol, and fatty acidsÃ¢â¬ (Cichoke, 2000). They also work with enzymes that metabolize proteins and dispose of free radicals in the body. These various co-factor activities make zinc a very effective anti-oxidant. Iodine is a co-factor in enzymes which help produce the thyroid hormone thyroxine. Ã¢â¬Å"Iodine is necessary for thyroxin, and thyroxin is responsible for maintaining a normal metabolic rate in all the cells of the bodyÃ¢â¬ (Kennedy, 2009). The minerals mentioned above, are just some of the co-factor minerals essential for the healthy functioning of our body. Minerals act as catalysts, as spurs to the existing enzymes in our body in order to eventually produce the desired effect into our system. Minerals can potentially be helpful and harmful to our body. As with any nutrient ingested into our body, too much minerals can be toxic to our system. One such mineral is manganese. Manganese toxicity usually results to multiple neurologic problems. It is even more dangerous when inhaled because it immediately goes to the brain without being metabolized by the liver. In some instances, it can result to permanent neurologic
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Behavioral Characteristics - Article Example He wanted to stop commercial interests that are busily destroying embryos in order to obtain stem cells. If this conduct amounts to murder as he contends there is nothing to stop the evil act. Most scientists agree that while adult stem cells offer hope of a cure for some of the cruelest diseases and injuries, embryonic stem cells hold even greater and surer promise. But this greater and surer promise should not drive mankind to madly believe that there is nothing to stop him from terrorizing the world as stem cell research would one day create a man that would defy even death and become indestructible. Hate Sites There are hate sites, Web sites that are very disturbing to browse. Web sites that ridicule African Americans, Jews, gays, immigrants and others, but some took it a few steps further by combining bigotry with articles about guns, bombs and other implements of violence. Others were designed deliberately to shock, with displays of swastikas, burning crosses and nooses. One si te mixes hate with stories and photographs that celebrate sex and violence in the most extreme way imaginable. The people who run hate sites don't usually put up even a feeble effort to keep out children. On the contrary, some overtly invite children and teens to participate. Many have music graphics and rhetoric designed to appeal to teens. Children or teenagers who grow browsing these hate sites will become perverted at an early age which is dangerous to the humankind. Racism It is insensitive and unwise because any satisfaction that racism gives to the students who display racist symbols is far outweighed by the discomfort it causes to many others. They must have known that they would upset many fellow students and ignore the decent regard for the feelings of others so essential to building and preserving a strong and harmonious community. No community will become humane and caring by restricting what its members can say. The worst offenders will simply find other ways to irritat e and insult. In talking with students, the faculty members should seek to educate and persuade, rather than resort to ridicule or intimidation, recognizing that only persuasion is likely to produce a lasting, beneficial effect. Through such efforts, an educational institution can help create a truly understanding, supportive community. Otherwise students will become young offenders. Hate Speech Hate speech is a speech that disparages a person or a group on the basis of some characteristic such as race, gender, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, or other characteristic and this may incite violence or prejudicial action against or by a protected individual or group, or because it disparages or intimidates a protected individual or group. Kenneth Lake thinks that the first ever onlineÃ¢â¬â¢ hate speechÃ¢â¬â¢ trial will have drastic consequences for free speech on the Internet. Ã¢â¬Å"I personally will make it my life career to find and kill every one of you pers onallyÃ¢â¬ signed Asian Hater, the words of an email message that is to have serious consequences for Internet freedom. They were written by Richard Machdo, a Los Angeles man who was convicted last Tuesday (10/2/98) of sending racist death threats to 59 Asian students. The email accused Asians for the all crimes on campus, and suggested that Machado would personally Ã¢â¬Å"findÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"hunt downÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"killÃ¢â¬ them if they did not leave the University of California at Irvine. The email was sent from a campus computer and signed Ã¢â¬Å"Asian HaterÃ¢â¬ . Hate speech rouses unnatural hatred of the members of one people or community for the members of another resulting in civil right violations that would take its toll on world peace. Animal Testing Experiments on animals, with a view to
Friday, January 31, 2020
Millions With Chronic Disease Get Little to No Treatment Essay Relation to Management: The management team of every organization is expected to handle employee issues to be able to increase their competencies at work, which includes their health status at work. Helping employees avoid developing chronic illness through giving them better access to healthcare assistance availabilities as well as giving them fine environment for work is a huge step up in solving this issue on the part of the organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ management team. The rate of employees having the need to deal with suffering from chronic disease increases every year, especially in the American region. It could not be denied that the stress and the pressures that most employees deal with at work costs their lost of health stability. The article of Reed Abelson aims to show how many employees today are already affected by the illness. As the years of economic downfall over the world enters the scene, the problem becomes even more serious thus demanding a more serious attention on the matter from the management teams of the different business organizations all over the world. (Abelson, 2008, Intenet) The most disturbing issue that has been noted by the author is that most of the people having this particular illness actually receive lesser attention from the administration of the business organizations that they are working for. This is the reason why Jeffrey Harris and his colleagues decided to search for evidences that prove that chronic disease among employees in America today and thus be able to find a solution to the said issue. The group of Harris conducted a pilot test of the American Cancer Society Workplace Solutions, which they applied as intervention system in the work operations of eight major employers in the Pacific Northwest. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The said intervention proposed at least 15 major focus-activities that are further subdivided into five categories that are listed as follows: health insurance benefits policies workplace programs health promoting communication tracking of employees health behaviors to measure progress Along the said process of intervention, the researchers even added a 4-meeting session to be held with the employers of the companies involved for two months which are to begin with handed questionnaires that are designed to asses their involvement in the program and how well their employees are faring due to the effects of the program.(Harris, et al, 2008, 16)Ã TO be able to test the effectiveness of the program, the researchers decided to present the data in a before-after pattern which gave a clear depiction on how the program affected the existing systems of the organization and the health awareness culture that the said business organizations adapt to. Why have the research been concentrating on the employers as source of motivation on the staff personnel of the business organizations tested and not direct the study on the employees at once? There are three main reasons why this process had been considered effective by the researchers: Employers have power over the workplace environments that directly affect the health of the old-aged employees of the organizations. Employers face rapidly mounting healthcare and productivity costs that could affect the process by which they aim to safeguard the health of their people at work. Employers are the once who are in charged of controlling health insurances of employees. These reasons actually showed how much the employers could do to imply a health-conscious environment at work and thus increase health assured number of employees, in the aim of trying to help them avoid the causes of Chronic Disease that could result to long time illness. As a result of the study, the data gathered by the researchers showed that most employers who to involved in the study chose to impose non-smoking policies. Since it appeared to be the least expensive and actually the easiest way to encourage employees to be health conscious, it has been the Ã¢â¬Å"favoriteÃ¢â¬ of the employers. Least applied on the organization on the other hand is the sun-protection program which aims to protect the employees, especially the ones working in the field, from being affected by the heat rays of the sun at work. (Harris, et al, 2008, 13) It is also through this study that it was found out that employers are less able to apply policies, especially when they are not at first handed through a written proposal that would outline the significance of the process to their business and their employees as well. More over, the study revealed that employers are more than willing to learn how to deal with the health needs of their people. Primarily, this is because aside from increasing the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ loyalty to them, it also serves as a protection to their gains in the future time as it would help them avoid paying for unnecessary or emergency health cases that their employees have to face. From the study analyzed, it could be noted that employers are indeed expected to take serious consideration of their employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ health as they are considered to be the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s foundation now and in the future. Hence, the application of health-conscious programs on their part for the benefits of their people is an essential part of employee loyalty enhancement proceedings. Being able to establish such particular program in an organization makes the process of dealing with health issues in the organization be met with better ease and understanding on the part of the parties involved in the situation. Ã Ã Ã Ã True, as Abelson notes in his article, understanding the health needs of the employees working for the success of the business actually ensures the progress of the entire business in the industry that they are involved with. This is the reason why the management team of the organizations today should actually give focus in answering these issues to ease the employees of the health problems that they need to deal with and thus give them better chances of performing better for the business organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s sake. Reference: Harris JR, Cross J, Hannon PA, Mahoney E, Ross-Viles S, Kuniyuki A. Employer adoption of evidence-based chronic disease prevention practices: a pilot study. Prev Chronic Dis. 2008;5(3). Reed Abelson. (August 2008). Millions With Chronic Disease Get Little to No Treatment. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/05/business/05health.html?_r=1ref=businessoref=slogin. (August 5, 2008).
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Comparing Shakespeare's Play, Hamlet and Milton's Play, Samson Agonistes: The Mental Awakenings of Hamlet and Samson In William Shakespeare's play Hamlet and in John Milton's play Samson Agonistes, both title characters undergo an intellectual metamorphosis, each becoming more and more aware of the power of his mind as he learns to master it. Despite a difference of almost 50 years between the writing of each of these plays, Hamelet being composed in 1601 and Samson Agonistes not being completed until circa 1646-1648, both reflect a preoccupation of the 17th century shared by both authors, the emergence of the mind and the human reason. Hamlet, while already a scholar and a philosopher, must, in the course of his plot to revenge the death of his father, constantly reassure himself that his mind has not erred. He must verify that the apparition of his father's ghost was a "spirit of health" and not a "goblin damned" designed to lead him to an inopportune demise. He must be certain that the revenge that he exacts on his father-in-law will suit his crime and not "this same villain send / To heaven". Samson, on the other hand, must also awaken his mind, but in his case his mind has been dormant all his life and this thus presents him with a more diffficult task than that of Hamlet. Samson had always relied on his brute physical strength to rescue him from dangerous situations whereas Hamlet had the more well-rounded formation of a Renaissance man. Oddly enough, it is Samson who seems to have been more successful at the end of the tragedy in that he does not unwittingly take his mother nor his friend with him to his grave. The first instance in which Hamlet demonstrates an awakening of his mind is in Scene 1 when he must... ...t both must learn to develop and to trust their mind rather than rely on a supernatural power to guide them. In Hamlet's case, this supernatural being is the ghost of his father which comes to give him the noble cause of revenging his foul death. For Samson, the cause is for the honour of his god which must be proven to be stronger and more right than the Philistine god Dagon. In the end, both succeed in awakening their minds, and while their deaths may be considered tragic, from a 17th century point of view, and even from today's perspcetive, they are heros because they learned to put their trust in themselves as rational human beings. Works Cited Milton, John. Samson Agonistes. In John Milton: Complete Poems and Major Prose. Ed. Merritt Y. Hughes. New York: Macmillan, 1957. Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Ed. Sylvan Barnet. New York: Signet Classic, 1998.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
How far do you agree that WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion was a serious threat to MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s authority? Although WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion was, when compared to the riots and rebellions that visited the Tudor Dynasty, rather small in size, it had a large impact in that Queen MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s authority as Monarch was questioned and ridiculed by the actions that drove so close to her residence in 1554. Historians argue that the volatile combination of politics, religion and MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s personality were major factors in the rebellionÃ¢â¬â¢s formation as well as the fear the prospect of a Spanish King visited upon the nobles.MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s ascension to the throne of England was marked with extraordinary political and religious circumstance: the return of Catholicism in England marshalled by Mary was a decision met with gratefulness and one that pleased many of those citizens supressed under the Tudor dynastyÃ¢â¬â¢s progressive and eventually full protestant stance. However, MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s ge nder meant that she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t enjoy the same levels of independence and power as those wielded by her brother and father.MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s announcement that she intended to marry Philip II of Spain in 1554 divided her privy council into two distinct groups; one opposing her marriage, favouring the possible courter, Edward Courtenay (Earl of Devon), and the other, who supported the Spanish Monarch. The reasons for these split alliances were deeply ingrained in foreign policy, with those supporting PhilipÃ¢â¬â¢s prospects seeking the advantages of a strong Anglo-Spanish alliance, and those against it fearing the consequences of a future hereditary Spanish claim to the English throne and a possible need to aid Spain in future conflict.Some historians like Rex, believe that these circumstances in combination with MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s personal stubbornness and willingness to marry Philip II against the inclination of her government played a considerable factor in the fruition of WyattÃ¢â¬â ¢s rebellion. However, there have been attempts by historians to counter this appraisal of MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s character, it has been suggested that the queenÃ¢â¬â¢s indecision in the negotiations over the restoration of Catholicism to England and more specifically her marriage to Philip was Mary being politically shrewd, tailored to win greater concessions for the English Crown from the Hapsburgs and the Vatican.Thus, it may be fair to attribute MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s personality as one of the largest contributing factors of her marriage to Philip and Thomas WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s consequent anti-monarchic movement whether these intended or not. It would thus seem that it was MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s personality and the ways in which her choices affected those around her which was the greatest motive for WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion. This view can be furthermore supported when acknowledging the fact that there was very little religious opposition remaining by the time of the rebellion, hence Mary could only be damag ed as a result of her own political errors regarding the marriage.Turvell and Randall discuss this view, stating Ã¢â¬ËAt the beginning of the reign even the most zealous of urban radicals were not prepared to go against the mainstream of public opinion, and waited to see what would happen. Certainly, when Mary, using the royal prerogative, suspended the second Act of Uniformity and restored the mass, there was no public outcry. Ã¢â¬â¢ Hence, historians may argue that Thomas WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s motives were spurred by the prospect of a Spanish king and were not religiously driven. The actual level of threat that the Wyatt rebellion posed to MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s authority is a subject of much debate.On the one hand, historians argue that the rebellion significantly challenged MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s position as queen, whilst on the other; the event has been described by historians such as Diarmaid MacCulluch as a demonstration of Ã¢â¬Ëthe bankruptcy of rebellion as a way of solving problemsÃ¢â¬â¢. This diversity in opinion stems for an array of contemporary circumstances. Those who view the rebellion as a serious threat are quick to acknowledge Elizabeth, who was at the time considered an apt alternative to her idiosyncratically minded sister.ElizabethÃ¢â¬â¢s status as a Protestant may not have pleased the public opinion in England at the time but her young age and ability to bare children was something which Mary could not so easily contest. Similarly, the rebellionÃ¢â¬â¢s close proximity to London and MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s residence has bolstered its seriousness. Historian Tony Imparato agrees with this view, stating in his book Ã¢â¬ËProtest and Rebellion in Tudor EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢ that Ã¢â¬ËWyattÃ¢â¬â¢s men marched on London and in doing so presented the most serious threat ever posed to Tudor government Ã¢â¬ ¦ In the end, his force came within half a mile of where the queen was staying, but was forced to retreat. The view held by Imparato may address the seriousness of t he Wyatt rebellion in so far as geographical closeness to Mary, but it does not fully explain the eventÃ¢â¬â¢s consequences in revealing severe weaknesses in MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s government and the tenuousness of her position as queen. In his book, Ã¢â¬ËThe Early Tudors 1485-1558Ã¢â¬â¢ John Duncan Mackie discusses the greater extent of the rebellion and what it revealed about MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s court: Ã¢â¬ËThe queenÃ¢â¬â¢s Catholic friends had been ineffectual in the crisis and the battle had been won for her by men like Pembroke who had deserted Northumberland at the last minute. In expressing the ineffectuality of MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s Catholic allies, Mackie delves deeper into the rebellionÃ¢â¬â¢s longer term consequences and in demonstrating PembrokeÃ¢â¬â¢s desertion of Northumberland, highlights an only last minute decision by one of EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s most important political figures to support his queen. On the other hand, some historians have viewed WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion as havin g a lesser impact on royal authority. This view has been fuelled by the rebellionÃ¢â¬â¢s small levels of popular support as well as CourtenayÃ¢â¬â¢s ineptitude.This view is held by Colin Pendrill, who in his 2000 book Ã¢â¬ËThe English Reformation: Crown, Power and Religious Change, 1485-1558Ã¢â¬â¢ holds the view that the Wyatt rebellion failed and that three main issued led to this conclusion: Ã¢â¬ËAnti-Spanish rumours did not bring about widespread supportÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËNews of the conspiracy leaked out in January 1554, so the conspirators had to act before they were ready and in the middle of winterÃ¢â¬â¢ and that the rebellion lacked support to such a degree that outright hostility was encountered in Coventry and that Ã¢â¬ËWyatt alone managed to raise some troops in KentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢.PendrillÃ¢â¬â¢s supporting of the idea that there was a lack of common support for WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s anti-Spanish campaign may best present an objective and accurate view of the rebe llionÃ¢â¬â¢s preamble. It was indeed the case that Wyatt only managed to gather around three-thousand Kentish men to lead to London, suggesting that his geographical location in Kent played somewhat to his favour as this is where the majority of anti-Spanish support was located. This may indicate that the rebellionÃ¢â¬â¢s support was in fact not at all widespread and that Wyatt was indeed fortunate to gain the support he did.In contrast to ImparatoÃ¢â¬â¢s source, Pendrill remonstrates that WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion was little more than an unorganised march which posed no real threat to Mary or her constitutionÃ¢â¬â¢s authority. Furthermore, ImparatoÃ¢â¬â¢s view can be contrasted against that of historian P. J Hammer, who in his Ã¢â¬ËElizabeth Wars: war, government and society in Tudor EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢ states that Ã¢â¬ËWyatt chose to surrender rather than risk a pitched battle without local support. HammerÃ¢â¬â¢s source reinforces the idea that sympathy for WyattÃ¢â¬â ¢s course was not widespread and was confined to the Kent area. In conclusion, on the basis of the evidence given, historians may view WyattÃ¢â¬â¢s rebellion to have been an unserious yet revealing challenge to MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s authority. Although a severe lack of support and disorganisation had cost Thomas Wyatt from reaching Mary, he had revealed to her the existence of core group of dissenters prepared to die in order to prevent an Anglo-Spanish throne in England.The extent to which Mary responded to the rebellion showed her anxiety and anger at the attempted challenge to her authority and for the execution of ninety rebels (including Wyatt himself), the exile of Courtenay and the executions of Lord Thomas Grey and William Thomas, the Wyatt rebellion should be viewed as ultimately unserious, but instrumental in heightening the anxiety of Mary and the lengths to which she would go to ensure her crown and constitution remained secure.
Monday, January 6, 2020
The book Troubling The Angels: Women Living With HIV/AIDS by Patti Lather (an educator) and Chris Smithies (a psychologist) troubles the dominant cultural and social meanings of HIV/AIDS, and draws attention to women with HIV/AIDS because they are often left out from the dominant rhetoric in the United States. The participants are women in Ohio who are members of four HIV/AIDS support groups that are specifically for women. Although many of the scientific realities and statistics cited in this book are now outdated, the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s methods and their methodology are still an important intervention to feminist research. In this paper, I examine how Lather and Smithies intentionally use certain research methods to trouble the politics representation and knowing, and insider/outsider binary. The methods that I will be focusing on include group interview, participants as an interpretative community, and the usage of Ã¢â¬Å"intertextsÃ¢â¬ . The salient feature of this research pr oject is that the researchers relied mostly on group interviews, and the book is mostly a transcript of those group interviews. Although the researchers initially intended to conduct multiple individual interviews, after they met with one of the support groups to discuss and explore possible interview questions, the researchers decided to keep this format because of the valuable dialogues that happened in the initial session (Lather and Smithies, 1997, Preface 2). According to Joey Sprague (2005), group interview